Almost everything we come across in our modern world is dependent on Technology in some form. We’ve created devices tremendous and small to technologically improve our lives since we first discovered how to harness the power of electricity to generate mechanical effort. Yet, every Technology we’ve created, from electric lighting to telephones to computers and much more, comprises simply a few fundamental components stitched together in several configurations.
Our current electronics revolution, which relied on these four sorts of components plus the transistor a little later, has delivered us almost everything we use today. However, we are soon approaching the boundaries of these traditional technologies as we strive to miniaturize electronics, monitor more and more elements of our lives and reality, send more data with less power, and connect our gadgets.
However, five innovations are converging in the early twenty-first century, and they are already transforming our modern world. This is how it’s going to play out. First, diamonds are no longer the most rigid material that has ever been discovered in nature or manufactured in a laboratory. Instead, there are six more complicated, with graphene being the most difficult of them all. Graphene is a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon linked together in a hexagonal crystal arrangement discovered by accident in a lab in 2004.
Andre Geim and Kostya Novoselov, the discoverers of this breakthrough, were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics just six years later. It is the world’s most challenging material, having extraordinary resistance to physical, chemical, and heat stressors, as well as the ideal atomic lattice. Graphene also has remarkable conductive qualities, which implies that if electrical devices, such as transistors could be built of graphene instead of silicon, they would be smaller and faster than anything currently available.